History of Wing Chun
Over 300 years ago in China, a Buddhist nun called Ng Mui founded the martial art of Wing Chun Kung Fu. Designed to take advantage of the weak points of Traditional Shaolin Kung Fu, it was the amalgamation of the top techniques, strategy and philosophy of the ancient masters. The aim was to seek vengeance against the traitors of the Shaolin Monastery. When the Shaolin monastery was burnt only five masters were able to escape: Chi Shin, Pak Mei, Fung Dotak, Miau Hin and Ng Mui. While Ng Mui is recognised as the founder of the system, each of the masters added their particularly expertise to the system such as the Baat Chum Dao (double knives) and Chi Kung (exercises for health).
Ng Mui was able to create a system that was able to defeat opponents of greater strength and size. Instead of relying purely on strength, she focused on speed and logical thinking, finding out how to use her enemy’s power against himself. She passed this new system to a woman called Yim Wing Chun. Yim later taught it to her husband, Leung Bok Chau. It was then in honour of his wife that Leung named it Wing Chun Kuen (“Kuen” means Fist-fighting Arts). Since then Wing Chun has been passed down from generation to generation as a top secret system, only taught to the most loyal disciples.
It was not until the 1940’s, when the late Grandmaster Yip Man started to develop it in Hong Kong, that the system was available to the public. Among his early disciples were Wong Shun Leung, Tsui Sheung Tin, Hawkins Cheung, Ho Kam Ming , Bruce Lee and Leung Sheung. When poor heath influenced Grandmaster Ip Man’s decision to retire from teaching Wing Chun, he did not expect a teenager to turn up on his doorstep. Leung Ting showed such devotion to him and his Wing Chun techniques that Grandmaster Yip Man accepted him as his last student and taught him the most advanced techniques of Wing Chun.
When Ip Man passed away in 1972, Si-Jo Leung Ting began his work to further develop, upgrade and modernise the art of Wing Chun. In 1973, Leung Ting exclusively adopted the name “Wing Tsun” (as opposed to Wing Chun and Ving chun) to distinguish his teaching method. Over the years Wing Chun has been refined into a complete modern fighting system which has now been developed all over the world.